Introduction to the verb embrumer
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The English translation of the French verb embrumer is “to fog up” or “to become cloudy.” It is pronounced as [ahm-broo-may].
Embrumer comes from the French word “brume,” meaning fog or mist. It is most often used in everyday French in the Conditionnel Passé tense, which expresses a hypothetical or uncertain past action. This tense is formed by conjugating the auxiliary verb avoir or être in the Conditionnel Présent and adding the past participle of the verb.
Here are three simple examples of embrumer in the Conditionnel Passé tense with their English translations:
Si j’avais ventilé la pièce, les vitres ne se seraient pas embrumées.
Translation: If I had ventilated the room, the windows would not have fogged up.
Je me demande si cette lentille de contact aurait embrumé mes lunettes.
Translation: I wonder if this contact lens would have fogged up my glasses.
Nous aurions dû essuyer le miroir plus souvent pour éviter qu’il ne s’embrume.
Translation: We should have wiped the mirror more often to prevent it from fogging up.
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of embrumer
|Si j’avais su, je t’aurais embrumé.
|I would have misted you.
|Tu aurais embrumé la ville.
|You would have fogged up the city.
|Il aurait embrumé la forêt.
|He would have misted up the forest.
|Elle aurait embrumé la vue.
|She would have misted up the view.
|On aurait embrumé l’atmosphère.
|One would have misted up the atmosphere.
|Nous aurions embrumé la pièce.
|We would have fogged up the room.
|Vous auriez embrumé la région.
|You would have fogged up the region.
|Ils auraient embrumé leur avenir.
|They would have misted up their future.
|Elles auraient embrumé le jardin.
|They (female) would have fogged up the garden.
Other Conjugations for Embrumer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb embrumer
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Embrumer – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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