Introduction to the verb carter
Get the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) tense conjugation of carter. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb carter is “to cart” or “to haul.” It is pronounced as “kar-tay” in its infinitive form.
The word carter comes from the Old French word “cartier,” which means “cart driver” or “cart maker.” It is derived from the Latin word “carrum,” meaning “cart” or “wagon.”
In everyday French, the present tense of carter is most often used in the following ways:
Je carter (I cart) – This can be used to talk about physically hauling or transporting something by cart. For example: Je carter des marchandises au marché. (I cart goods to the market.)
Tu cartes (You cart) – This can be used to address someone directly and ask them to cart something. For example: Tu cartes les valises s’il te plaît ? (Can you cart the suitcases please?)
Ils/Elles cartent (They cart) – This can be used to talk about a group of people hauling or transporting something. For example: Ils cartent du bois pour le feu. (They cart wood for the fire.)
English translations of these sentences would be:
- I haul (carry) goods to the market.
- Can you cart (carry) the suitcases please?
- They cart (haul) wood for the fire.
Table of the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of carter
||Je carte en ligne.
||I play online.
||Tu cartes bien.
||You play well.
||Il carte avec moi.
||He plays with me.
||Elle carte en équipe.
||She plays in a team.
||On carte souvent.
||We play often.
||Nous cartons toujours.
||We always play.
||Vous carte pour gagner.
||You play to win.
||Ils cartent chez eux.
||They play at home.
||Elles cartent en compétition.
||They compete in tournaments.
Other Conjugations for Carter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter (this article)
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Carter – About the French L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense
The French “l’infinitif présent” (Infinitive Present) tense is not a true verb tense in the same way that the present, past, or future tenses are. Instead, it’s the base form of a verb, and it has several important uses and interactions with other tenses.
Forming the Infinitive Present
To form the infinitive present of a verb, you typically take the unconjugated form of the verb (the form you’d find in a French dictionary) and remove the ending. For regular verbs, you remove the -er, -ir, or -re ending, and you’re left with the infinitive. For example:
– Parler (to speak)
– Finir (to finish)
– Vendre (to sell)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
As a Verb’s Dictionary Form
The most common use of the infinitive present is to represent a verb in its base form. It’s the form you would find in a dictionary or verb conjugation table.
After Modal Verbs
When you use modal verbs like “pouvoir” (can), “vouloir” (want), or “devoir” (must), the verb that follows is in its infinitive form. For example:
– Je veux manger. (I want to eat.)
– Il peut parler français. (He can speak French.)
As an Imperative
In informal commands, the infinitive is often used. For example:
– Ferme la porte. (Close the door.)
In Infinitive Clauses
In complex sentences, especially after certain conjunctions, the infinitive is used to express actions that are separate from the main verb. For example:
– J’ai besoin de manger avant de partir. (I need to eat before leaving.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The infinitive present can be used with the present tense to express ongoing actions or habitual actions. For example:
– J’aime manger des croissants. (I like eating croissants.)
When combined with the future tense of “aller,” the infinitive present can express future actions. For example:
– Je vais manger au restaurant demain. (I am going to eat at the restaurant tomorrow.)
The infinitive present is often used with the conditional to express actions that would happen in a hypothetical situation. For example:
– Il mangerait s’il avait faim. (He would eat if he were hungry.)
When forming compound tenses like “passé composé,” the auxiliary verb (être or avoir) is conjugated, and the main verb remains in its infinitive form. For example:
– J’ai mangé une pomme. (I ate an apple.)
– Elle est partie. (She left.)
The infinitive present can be combined with the imperfect tense to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. For example:
– Quand j’étais enfant, j’aimais jouer. (When I was a child, I liked to play.)
Subjunctive and Conditional Moods
In some complex sentences, the infinitive can be used with the subjunctive and conditional moods, especially when expressing uncertainty, possibility, or doubt.
The infinitive present in French serves as the base form of a verb and is used in various contexts, including after modal verbs, in imperative commands, in infinitive clauses, and in combination with other tenses to convey a wide range of meanings and actions. Its flexibility makes it a fundamental part of French grammar.
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