Introduction to the verb carter
Get the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) tense conjugation of carter. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb carter is “to cart” or “to carry.” The infinitive form is pronounced as “car-tay.”
The word carter comes from the French word “carte” which means “cart.” It is ultimately derived from the Latin word “carrus” meaning “wheeled vehicle.” In everyday French, carter is most often used in the Subjonctif Passé tense, which is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past.
- J’aimerais que tu aies carté ces lourdes charges hier. (I wish you had carted these heavy loads yesterday.)
- Il fallait que nous ayons carté toutes ces valises avant le départ. (We had to have carted all these suitcases before departure.)
- Je regrette que nous n’ayons pas carté ces meubles plus tôt. (I regret that we did not cart these furniture earlier.)
Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of carter
|Il est possible que j’aie carté.
|It’s possible that I played a card.
|Il est nécessaire que tu aies carté.
|It’s necessary that you played a card.
|Il est important qu’il ait carté.
|It’s important that he played a card.
|Elle veut qu’elle ait carté.
|She wants her to have played a card.
|On doute qu’on ait carté.
|We doubt that we played a card.
|Nous espérons que nous ayons carté.
|We hope we played a card.
|Il faut que vous ayez carté.
|You must have played a card.
|Ils doutent qu’ils aient carté.
|They doubt they played a card.
|Elles préfèrent qu’elles aient carté.
|They prefer they played a card.
Other Conjugations for Carter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter (this article)
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb carter
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Carter – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense
The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.
Formation of the Subjonctif Passé
To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:
– For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
– For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
– For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).
Everyday Usage Patterns
The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:
– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).
– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).
– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).
– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:
It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).
It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).
When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).
The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.
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