Introduction to the verb capeyer
Get the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) tense conjugation of capeyer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb capeyer is “to captain” or “to lead.” It is pronounced “kaw-pay-yay.”
The word capeyer comes from the Old French word “capet,” meaning “head” or “chief.” In everyday French, it is most often used in the Passé Antérieur tense, which is used to talk about completed actions that occurred before another past action.
Examples of capeyer in the Passé Antérieur tense:
J’eus capeyé l’équipe de football avant de devenir entraîneur. (I had captained the football team before becoming a coach.)
Tu eus capeyé la compagnie pendant de nombreuses années avant de prendre ta retraite. (You had led the company for many years before retiring.)
Ils eurent capeyé le navire jusqu’à son port d’attache. (They had captained the ship until its home port.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of capeyer
|I had coped
|Tu eusses capeyé
|You had coped
|Il eût capeyé
|He had coped
|Elle eût capeyé
|She had coped
|On eût capeyé
|One had coped
|Nous eûmes capeyé
|We had coped
|Vous eûtes capeyé
|You had coped
|Ils eurent capeyé
|They had coped
|Elles eurent capeyé
|They had coped
Other Conjugations for Capeyer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
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Capeyer – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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