Introduction to the verb capeyer
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of capeyer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb capeyer is “to dream of,” or “to imagine.” It is pronounced as “kah-pey-ay.”
Capeyer comes from the Old French word “capier,” meaning “to desire” or “to long for.” It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which expresses a hypothetical or uncertain situation in the past.
Here are three examples of its usage in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, with their respective English translations:
- Je souhaitais que tu capeyasses un monde meilleur. (I wished that you would dream of a better world.)
- Elle préférait que nous capeyions des choses plus réalistes. (She preferred that we imagined more realistic things.)
- Ils voulaient que je capeyasse un avenir radieux pour eux. (They wanted me to dream of a bright future for them.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of capeyer
||Si j’avais de l’argent, je capiasse une maison plus grande.
||If I had money, I would buy a bigger house.
||Si tu travaillais plus, tu capeyasses plus d’argent.
||If you worked more, you would earn more money.
||Il serait heureux si il capeyât plus d’opportunités.
||He would be happy if he had more opportunities.
||Elle serait déçue si elle capeyât plus de soutien.
||She would be disappointed if she had more support.
||Si on capeyât moins de taxes, on dépenserait plus.
||If one paid less taxes, one would spend more.
||Si nous capeyassions ensemble, nous réussirions.
||If we worked together, we would succeed.
||Si vous arriviez à temps, vous capeyassiez plus de tâches.
||If you arrived on time, you would complete more tasks.
||S’ils capeyassent plus longtemps, ils auraient plus de temps.
||If they worked longer, they would have more time.
||Si elles capeyassent plus fort, elles seraient plus efficaces.
||If they worked harder, they would be more efficient.
Other Conjugations for Capeyer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb capeyer
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Capeyer – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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