Introduction to the verb chinoiser
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The English translation of the French verb chinoiser is “to mimic Chinese style” or “to imitate Chinese culture.” It is pronounced “sheen-wah-zay” in its infinitive form.
The word chinoiser comes from the French word “chinois” meaning “Chinese.” It is derived from the Portuguese word “chinês” which comes from the Persian word “Chin” meaning “China.” The suffix “-iser” is added to indicate the action of imitating or adopting a certain style or culture.
In everyday French, chinoiser is most commonly used in the Passé Antérieur tense, which is used to talk about completed actions in the past that happened before another action in the past. Here are three simple examples:
- J’ai chinoisé mon salon avant d’inviter mes amis pour une soirée à thème. (I mimicked Chinese style in my living room before inviting my friends for a themed party.)
- Elle avait chinoisé sa chambre pour son anniversaire l’année dernière. (She had imitated Chinese culture in her room for her birthday last year.)
- Nous avons chinoisé nos costumes pour le carnaval de l’école. (We mimicked Chinese style in our costumes for the school carnival.)
In all three examples, the verb chinoiser is conjugated in the Passé Antérieur tense to indicate that the action of mimicking Chinese style or culture was completed before another past action.
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of chinoiser
|I had chinoised
|Tu eus chinisé
|You had chinoised
|Il eut chinisé
|He had chinoised
|Elle eut chinisé
|She had chinoised
|On eut chinisé
|One had chinoised
|Nous eûmes chinisé
|We had chinoised
|Vous eûtes chinisé
|You had chinoised
|Ils eurent chinisé
|They had chinoised
|Elles eurent chinisé
|They had chinoised
Other Conjugations for Chinoiser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
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Chinoiser – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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