Introduction to the verb chinoiser
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of chinoiser. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb chinoiser is “to imitate or adopt Chinese customs or style.” The infinitive form is pronounced “sheen-wah-zay.”
The word chinoiser comes from the French word “chinois,” meaning Chinese, and the suffix “-iser,” which is used to create verbs from nouns. It originated in the 18th century and was used to describe the fascination and imitation of Chinese culture and art in Europe.
In everyday French, chinoiser is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past. It is used to convey a sense of doubt or wishful thinking.
- Il était temps que tu chinoisasse un peu pour impressionner tes invités. (It was about time you pretended to be Chinese to impress your guests.)
- Je préférais que mes enfants chinoisassent comme moi plutôt que de suivre les tendances occidentales. (I wished my children would have imitated me instead of following Western trends.)
- Si elle chinoisait un peu plus, elle serait sûrement plus populaire dans son école. (If she pretended to be Chinese more, she would probably be more popular in her school.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of chinoiser
||Je ne crois pas que je chinoisasse bien.
||I don’t think I would do Chinese well.
||Si tu étudiais le chinois, tu chinoisasses souvent.
||If you studied Chinese, you would often Chinese.
||Il irait en Chine si il chinoisât mieux.
||He would go to China if he spoke better Chinese.
||Elle serait plus riche si elle chinoist plus.
||She would be richer if she spoke more Chinese.
||Si on chinoist plus, on serait plus compétent.
||If one spoke more Chinese, one would be more competent.
||Si nous chinoisassions ensemble, ça serait amusant.
||If we Chinese together, it would be fun.
||Si vous chinoitassiez vite, vous comprendriez vite.
||If you Chinese quickly, you would understand quickly.
||S’ils chinoitassent ensemble, ils seraient amis.
||If they Chinese together, they would be friends.
||Si elles chinoitassent mieux, elles auraient plus d’opportunités.
||If they Chinese better, they would have more opportunities.
Other Conjugations for Chinoiser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chinoiser
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Chinoiser – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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