Introduction to the verb colorier
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The English translation of the French verb colorier is “to color” or “to color in”. It is pronounced “koh-loh-ree-ay” in its infinitive form.
The word colorier comes from the Latin word “colorare” which means “to color”. It is a regular -er verb in French, meaning it follows the same conjugation pattern as other verbs ending in -er.
In everyday French, the verb colorier is most often used in its infinitive form as a command or instruction, such as “colorier la page” (color the page) or “colorier les images” (color the pictures). In the Passé Antérieur tense, it is used to indicate an action that was completed before another action in the past.
Here are three simple examples of colorier in the Passé Antérieur tense, with their English translations:
- J’eus colorié le dessin avant qu’elle n’arrive. (I had colored the drawing before she arrived.)
- Tu eus colorié tous les livres avant de les ranger. (You had colored all the books before putting them away.)
- Ils eurent colorié toutes les fleurs avant la fin de la journée. (They had colored all the flowers before the end of the day.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of colorier
|I had colored
|Tu eusses colorié
|You had colored
|Il eût colorié
|He had colored
|Elle eût colorié
|She had colored
|On eût colorié
|One had colored
|Nous eûmes colorié
|We had colored
|Vous eûtes colorié
|You had colored
|Ils eurent colorié
|They had colored
|Elles eurent colorié
|They had colored
Other Conjugations for Colorier.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colorier
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Colorier – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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