Introduction to the verb abouter
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The English translation of the French verb “abouter” is “to butt/end/join/fit together.” The infinitive form “abouter” is pronounced as ah-boo-teh.
The word “abouter” is derived from the Old French word “aboutir,” which means “to join, come to an end.” It comes from the Latin word “ambitare,” which means “to encircle, encompass.” In everyday French, the verb “abouter” is most often used in the Passé Composé tense to express actions that have been completed in the past.
Here are three examples of “abouter” used in the Passé Composé tense with their English translations:
- J’ai abouté les deux pièces de bois. (I joined the two pieces of wood.)
- Tu as abouté les extrémités du câble. (You connected the ends of the cable.)
- Il a abouté les tuyaux pour former une ligne continue. (He fitted the pipes together to form a continuous line.)
These examples demonstrate how “abouter” is used in the past tense to describe completed actions of joining, fitting, or connecting different elements.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of abouter
|J’ai abouté les deux pièces.
|I joined the two pieces.
|Tu as abouté les planches.
|You joined the planks.
|Il a abouté les extrémités.
|He joined the ends.
|Elle a abouté les tuyaux.
|She joined the pipes.
|On a abouté les fils électriques.
|We joined the electrical wires.
|Nous avons abouté les câbles.
|We joined the cables.
|Vous avez abouté les morceaux.
|You joined the pieces.
|Ils ont abouté les poutres.
|They joined the beams.
|Elles ont abouté les branches.
|They joined the branches.
Other Conjugations for Abouter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter (You’re reading it right now!)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Conditionnel Passé II (Conditional Past II) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
L’impératif Passé (Imperative Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
L’infinitif Passé (Infinitive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Le Participe Présent (Present Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
Le Participe Passé (Past Participle) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb abouter
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Abouter – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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