Introduction to the verb caserner
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The English translation of the French verb caserner is “to quarter/to billet”. It is pronounced as “kah-sehr-neh”.
The language origin of caserner comes from the word “casern” which means “barracks” in French. The verb caserner is most often used in everyday French in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense, which is used to talk about an action that has been completed in the past.
Three simple examples of caserner in the Passé Composé tense are:
- J’ai caserné les soldats dans la ville voisine. (I quartered the soldiers in the nearby town.)
- Elle a caserné son frère chez elle pendant les vacances. (She billeted her brother at her house during the holidays.)
- Nous avons caserné nos troupes dans ce village pour se préparer à la bataille. (We quartered our troops in this village to prepare for the battle.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of caserner
|J’ai caserné mes troupes.
|I quartered my troops.
|Tu as caserné tes soldats.
|You quartered your soldiers.
|Il a caserné ses recrues.
|He quartered his recruits.
|Elle a caserné ses chevaux.
|She quartered her horses.
|On a caserné les soldats.
|We quartered the soldiers.
|Nous avons caserné nos armées.
|We quartered our armies.
|Vous avez caserné vos troupes.
|You quartered your troops.
|Ils ont caserné leurs soldats.
|They quartered their soldiers.
|Elles ont caserné leurs chevaux.
|They quartered their horses.
Other Conjugations for Caserner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
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Caserner – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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