Introduction to the verb caserner
Get the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) tense conjugation of caserner. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb caserner is “to quarter” or “to house”, and it is pronounced as “kah-zehr-neh”.
The origin of the word caserner can be traced back to the Latin word “castrum”, meaning “fort”, which evolved into the French word “caserne” meaning “barracks”. The verb caserner is often used in everyday French in the L’infinitif Présent tense to refer to the action of providing or arranging lodging for someone or something.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in this tense, with their respective English translations:
Nous devons caserner les soldats dans les casernes du centre-ville. (We have to quarter the soldiers in the barracks downtown.)
Le gouvernement a décidé de caserner les réfugiés dans des hôtels jusqu’à ce qu’ils trouvent un logement permanent. (The government has decided to house the refugees in hotels until they find permanent housing.)
Les propriétaires ont l’obligation de caserner les animaux dans des conditions adéquates. (Owners are required to house animals in proper conditions.)
Table of the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of caserner
||Je caserne mes affaires.
||I barracks my belongings.
||Tu casernes les objets.
||You barracks the objects.
||Il caserne ses soldats.
||He barracks his soldiers.
||Elle caserne les véhicules.
||She barracks the vehicles.
||On caserne ensemble.
||We barracks together.
||Nous casernons dans la ville.
||We barracks in the city.
||Vous casernez les soldats.
||You barracks the soldiers.
||Ils casernent à la base.
||They barracks at the base.
||Elles casernent les réservistes.
||They barracks the reservists.
Other Conjugations for Caserner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb caserner (this article)
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Caserner – About the French L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense
The French “l’infinitif présent” (Infinitive Present) tense is not a true verb tense in the same way that the present, past, or future tenses are. Instead, it’s the base form of a verb, and it has several important uses and interactions with other tenses.
Forming the Infinitive Present
To form the infinitive present of a verb, you typically take the unconjugated form of the verb (the form you’d find in a French dictionary) and remove the ending. For regular verbs, you remove the -er, -ir, or -re ending, and you’re left with the infinitive. For example:
– Parler (to speak)
– Finir (to finish)
– Vendre (to sell)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
As a Verb’s Dictionary Form
The most common use of the infinitive present is to represent a verb in its base form. It’s the form you would find in a dictionary or verb conjugation table.
After Modal Verbs
When you use modal verbs like “pouvoir” (can), “vouloir” (want), or “devoir” (must), the verb that follows is in its infinitive form. For example:
– Je veux manger. (I want to eat.)
– Il peut parler français. (He can speak French.)
As an Imperative
In informal commands, the infinitive is often used. For example:
– Ferme la porte. (Close the door.)
In Infinitive Clauses
In complex sentences, especially after certain conjunctions, the infinitive is used to express actions that are separate from the main verb. For example:
– J’ai besoin de manger avant de partir. (I need to eat before leaving.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The infinitive present can be used with the present tense to express ongoing actions or habitual actions. For example:
– J’aime manger des croissants. (I like eating croissants.)
When combined with the future tense of “aller,” the infinitive present can express future actions. For example:
– Je vais manger au restaurant demain. (I am going to eat at the restaurant tomorrow.)
The infinitive present is often used with the conditional to express actions that would happen in a hypothetical situation. For example:
– Il mangerait s’il avait faim. (He would eat if he were hungry.)
When forming compound tenses like “passé composé,” the auxiliary verb (être or avoir) is conjugated, and the main verb remains in its infinitive form. For example:
– J’ai mangé une pomme. (I ate an apple.)
– Elle est partie. (She left.)
The infinitive present can be combined with the imperfect tense to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. For example:
– Quand j’étais enfant, j’aimais jouer. (When I was a child, I liked to play.)
Subjunctive and Conditional Moods
In some complex sentences, the infinitive can be used with the subjunctive and conditional moods, especially when expressing uncertainty, possibility, or doubt.
The infinitive present in French serves as the base form of a verb and is used in various contexts, including after modal verbs, in imperative commands, in infinitive clauses, and in combination with other tenses to convey a wide range of meanings and actions. Its flexibility makes it a fundamental part of French grammar.
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