Introduction to the verb collecter
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The English translation of the French verb collecter is “to collect.” It is pronounced as “koh-lek-teh” in its infinitive form.
The word collecter comes from the Latin verb “colligere,” which means “to gather” or “to collect.” It entered the French language in the 14th century and has been used since then with the same meaning.
In everyday French, collecter is most often used in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense to indicate an action that was completed in the past. It is formed by using the auxiliary verb “avoir” followed by the past participle “collecté.”
Here are three simple examples of its usage in this tense, with their respective English translations:
- J’ai collecté des fonds pour l’association caritative. (I collected funds for the charity organization.)
- Tu as collecté des timbres depuis ton enfance. (You have collected stamps since your childhood.)
- Il a collecté les témoignages des victimes. (He collected the testimonies of the victims.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of collecter
||J’ai collecté des dons.
||I collected donations.
||Tu as collecté des informations.
||You collected information.
||Il a collecté les déchets.
||He collected the trash.
||Elle a collecté les rentes.
||She collected the rents.
||On a collecté des données.
||We collected data.
||Nous avons collecté des fonds.
||We collected funds.
||Vous avez collecté les impôts.
||You collected taxes.
||Ils ont collecté les témoignages.
||They collected testimonies.
||Elles ont collecté des objets.
||They collected objects.
Other Conjugations for Collecter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb collecter
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Collecter – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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