Introduction to the verb colliger
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The English translation of the French verb colliger is “to collect” or “to gather.” The infinitive form, colliger, is pronounced as “koh-lee-zhay.”
Colliger comes from the Latin verb colligere, which means “to gather” or “to collect.” It entered French through the Old French word “coliger” and has been used in the language since the 12th century.
In everyday French, colliger is most often used in the Passé Composé tense, which is equivalent to the Present Perfect tense in English. This tense is used to talk about past actions that are completed or have a definite end.
Here are three examples of colliger in the Passé Composé tense with their English translations:
- J’ai colligé des informations pour mon projet. (I collected information for my project.)
- Elle a colligé des fonds pour l’association caritative. (She gathered funds for the charity.)
- Nous avons colligé tous les documents nécessaires. (We gathered all the necessary documents.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of colliger
||J’ai colligé les informations.
||I collected the information.
||Tu as colligé les données.
||You collected the data.
||Il a colligé les documents.
||He collected the documents.
||Elle a colligé les preuves.
||She collected the evidence.
||On a colligé les statistiques.
||We collected the statistics.
||Nous avons colligé les témoignages.
||We collected the testimonies.
||Vous avez colligé les résultats.
||You collected the results.
||Ils ont colligé les échantillons.
||They collected the samples.
||Elles ont colligé les informations.
||They collected the information.
Other Conjugations for Colliger.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
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Colliger – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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