Introduction to the verb colliger
Get the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) tense conjugation of colliger. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb colliger is “to gather” or “to collect”. It is pronounced as “koh-lee-zhay” in the infinitive form.
Colliger comes from the Latin word “colligere”, meaning “to collect or gather”. It entered the French language in the 12th century and has since evolved in usage and meaning.
In everyday French, colliger is most often used in the Subjonctif Passé tense, which is used to express a past action or event that is uncertain or hypothetical. It is formed by using the present subjunctive form of avoir or être followed by the past participle of the verb.
Example sentences using colliger in the Subjonctif Passé tense:
Il faut que j’aie colligé toutes les preuves avant de faire une accusation. (I had to have gathered all the evidence before making an accusation.)
Il est possible que tu aies colligé des informations erronées. (It’s possible that you gathered incorrect information.)
Nous aurions dû avoir colligé toutes les données avant de commencer notre projet. (We should have gathered all the data before starting our project.)
- I had to have gathered
- It’s possible that you gathered
- We should have gathered
Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of colliger
|J’exige que j’aie colligé.
|I demand that I have collected.
|Tu voudrais que tu aies colligé.
|You would like that you have collected.
|Il est nécessaire qu’il ait colligé.
|It’s necessary he has collected.
|Elle doute qu’elle ait colligé.
|She doubts she collected.
|On croit qu’on ait colligé.
|We believe we have collected.
|Nous insistons pour que nous ayons colligé.
|We insist that we have collected.
|Vous pensez que vous ayez colligé.
|You think you have collected.
|Ils ont peur qu’ils aient colligé.
|They are afraid they have collected.
|Elles sont ravies qu’elles aient colligé.
|They are delighted they have collected.
Other Conjugations for Colliger.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger (this article)
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb colliger
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Colliger – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense
The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.
Formation of the Subjonctif Passé
To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:
– For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
– For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
– For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).
Everyday Usage Patterns
The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:
– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).
– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).
– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).
– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:
It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).
It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).
When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).
The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.
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