Introduction to the verb compulser
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The English translation of the French verb compulser is “to compel.” It is pronounced as “kom-pul-zay” in the infinitive form.
The verb compulser comes from the Latin word “compellere” meaning “to drive together” or “to force.” In French, it is mostly used in formal or legal contexts to express the idea of forcing or compelling someone to do something.
In the Passé Composé tense, compulser is conjugated with the auxiliary verb “avoir” and the past participle “compulsé,” as in “J’ai compulsé” (I have compelled). Here are three examples of its usage in this tense:
J’ai compulsé les témoignages avant le procès. (I have compelled the testimonies before the trial.)
Nous avons été compulsés à signer le contrat. (We have been compelled to sign the contract.)
Elle a été compulsée à témoigner contre son gré. (She was compelled to testify against her will.)
In all these examples, compulser is used to express the idea of forcing or compelling someone to do something, often against their will. It is a strong and formal verb, and its usage is not very common in everyday French conversation.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of compulser
||J’ai compulsé mes notes.
||I consulted my notes.
||Tu as compulsé un livre.
||You consulted a book.
||Il a compulsé des documents.
||He consulted some documents.
||Elle a compulsé les archives.
||She consulted the archives.
||On a compulsé les dossiers.
||We consulted the files.
||Nous avons compulsé le rapport.
||We consulted the report.
||Vous avez compulsé le manuel.
||You consulted the manual.
||Ils ont compulsé des articles.
||They consulted some articles.
||Elles ont compulsé les données.
||They consulted the data.
Other Conjugations for Compulser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb compulser
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Compulser – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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