Introduction to the verb copartager
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The English translation of the French verb copartager is “to share/partake”. The infinitive form is pronounced “koh-par-ta-zhay”.
The word copartager is a combination of the prefix “co-” meaning “together” and the verb “partager” meaning “to share”. It has its roots in Latin, with the prefix “co-” coming from the Latin word “com”, meaning “together”, and the verb “partager” coming from the Latin word “partire”, meaning “to divide/share”. The prefix and verb were combined in Old French to create the word copartager.
In everyday French, copartager is commonly used in the Passé Composé tense, which is the equivalent of the Present Perfect tense in English. In this tense, it is used to express an action that has been completed in the past.
Here are three examples of its usage in the Passé Composé tense, with their respective English translations:
J’ai copartagé mon repas avec mes amis hier soir. (I shared my meal with my friends last night.)
Nous avons copartagé notre appartement pendant un an avant de déménager. (We shared our apartment for a year before moving.)
Elle a copartagé ses connaissances avec ses collègues lors de la réunion. (She shared her knowledge with her colleagues during the meeting.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of copartager
|J’ai copartagé mes bonbons avec mon frère.
|I shared my candies with my brother.
|Tu as copartagé ton expérience.
|You shared your experience.
|Il a copartagé sa voiture avec sa sœur.
|He shared his car with his sister.
|Elle a copartagé ses connaissances avec ses collègues.
|She shared her knowledge with her colleagues.
|On a copartagé les frais de voyage.
|We shared the travel expenses.
|Nous avons copartagé notre repas.
|We shared our meal.
|Vous avez copartagé vos idées.
|You shared your ideas.
|Ils ont copartagé le loyer.
|They shared the rent.
|Elles ont copartagé leur secret.
|They shared their secret.
Other Conjugations for Copartager.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
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Copartager – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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