Introduction to the verb copartager
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The English translation of the French verb copartager is “to share jointly.” The infinitive form of the verb is pronounced “koh-pahr-tah-zhay.”
The word copartager is a compound verb, derived from the prefix co- meaning “together” and the verb partager meaning “to share.” In everyday French, copartager is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is a form of the subjunctive mood used to express wishes, possibilities, or hypothetical situations in the past.
Here are three simple examples of copartager used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense with the respective English translations:
- Je souhaitais que nous copartagions le coût du voyage. (I wished that we would share the cost of the trip.)
- Il fallait que tu copartages tes jouets avec ton frère. (You had to share your toys with your brother.)
- Nous aurions aimé que les voisins copartagent le jardin. (We would have liked the neighbors to share the garden.)
In these examples, the Subjonctif Imparfait form of copartager is used to express a desire, an obligation, or a wish in the past. It is often used in formal or polite language, and can also convey a sense of uncertainty or doubt.
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of copartager
||Si j’avais beaucoup d’argent, je copartageasse avec mes amis.
||If I had a lot of money, I would share with my friends.
||Si tu étais plus sociable, tu copartageasses plus souvent.
||If you were more social, you would share more often.
||Il serait plus heureux si il copartageât ses biens.
||He would be happier if he shared his belongings.
||Elle aurait plus d’amis si elle copartageât ses expériences.
||She would have more friends if she shared her experiences.
||Si on copartageât le travail, on serait plus efficace.
||If one shared the work, one would be more efficient.
||Si nous copartageassions nos repas, nous économiserions de l’argent.
||If we shared our meals, we would save money.
||Si vous copartageassiez votre temps, vous en auriez plus pour vous.
||If you shared your time, you would have more for yourself.
||S’ils copartageassent leurs connaissances, nous apprendrions plus.
||If they shared their knowledge, we would learn more.
||Si elles copartageassent leurs responsabilités, tout irait mieux.
||If they shared their responsibilities, everything would be better.
Other Conjugations for Copartager.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copartager
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Copartager – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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