Introduction to the verb encourager
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The English translation of the French verb encourager is “to encourage.” It is pronounced as “ahn-coo-rah-zhay” in its infinitive form.
Encourager comes from the Old French word “encoragier,” which is derived from the Latin word “cor,” meaning “heart.” This reflects the idea of giving someone courage or motivation from the heart.
In everyday French, encourager is most often used in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense to describe an action that happened in the past and has a result or consequence in the present.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Passé Composé tense with their English translations:
J’ai encouragé mon ami à poursuivre ses rêves. (I encouraged my friend to pursue his dreams.)
Elle a encouragé son équipe à ne pas abandonner. (She encouraged her team to not give up.)
Nous avons encouragé nos enfants à travailler dur pour réussir. (We encouraged our children to work hard to succeed.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of encourager
|J’ai encouragé mon frère.
|I encouraged my brother.
|Tu as encouragé tes amis.
|You encouraged your friends.
|Il a encouragé son équipe.
|He encouraged his team.
|Elle a encouragé sa fille.
|She encouraged her daughter.
|On a encouragé les élèves.
|We encouraged the students.
|Nous avons encouragé nos partenaires.
|We encouraged our partners.
|Vous avez encouragé vos collègues.
|You encouraged your colleagues.
|Ils ont encouragé les sportifs.
|They encouraged the athletes.
|Elles ont encouragé les artistes.
|They encouraged the artists.
Other Conjugations for Encourager.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb encourager
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Encourager – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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