Introduction to the verb canner
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The English translation of the French verb canner is “to can” or “to preserve in a can”. It is pronounced “kah-nay” in its infinitive form.
The word “canner” comes from the Old French word “caner”, which means “to preserve in a can”. It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is used to express a hypothetical or uncertain action or situation in the past.
Here are three simple examples of canner in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, with their respective English translations:
- Il fallait que je canne ces fruits avant qu’ils ne pourrissent. (I had to can these fruits before they spoiled.)
- S’il faisait chaud, tu cannerais les légumes pour l’hiver. (If it was hot, you would can the vegetables for the winter.)
- Nous pouvions canner la confiture si nous avions plus de bocaux. (We could have canned the jam if we had more jars.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of canner
||Je serais contente que je canne toutes ces tomates.
||I would be happy if I canned all these tomatoes.
||Si tu avais le temps, je voudrais que tu cannes aussi.
||If you had time, I would want you to can as well.
||Il serait surpris si il canne aussi bien que ta mère.
||He would be surprised if he canned as well as your mother.
||Elle serait heureuse si elle canne toutes les pommes.
||She would be happy if she canned all the apples.
||Si on canne ensemble, ça irait plus vite.
||If we canned together, it would go faster.
||Si nous cannions plus souvent, nous aurions moins de gaspillage.
||If we canned more often, we would have less waste.
||Si vous canniez ces légumes, ils seraient prêts pour l’hiver.
||If you canned these vegetables, they would be ready for winter.
||S’ils cannent ces fruits, ils pourraient les manger plus tard.
||If they canned these fruits, they could eat them later.
||Si elles cannent ces cornichons, elles pourraient les vendre au marché.
||If they canned these pickles, they could sell them at the market.
Other Conjugations for Canner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb canner
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Canner – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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