Introduction to the verb cantonner
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of cantonner. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb cantonner is “to quarter” or “to station.” It is pronounced as “kan-ton-ay” in its infinitive form.
Cantonner comes from the Old French word “canton” which means “corner” or “district.” It is most commonly used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense in everyday French.
Three examples of cantonner in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense are:
Je souhaitais que nous cantonnions dans un hôtel près de la plage.
Translation: I wished for us to be quartered in a hotel near the beach.
Il fallait que les soldats cantonnent dans la ville avant la bataille.
Translation: The soldiers had to be quartered in the town before the battle.
Elle préférait que nous cantonnions chez sa tante plutôt que dans un hôtel impersonnel.
Translation: She preferred for us to be quartered at her aunt’s house rather than in an impersonal hotel.
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of cantonner
||Si j’avais le temps, je cantonnasse sur la plage.
||If I had time, I would be stationed on the beach.
||Si tu étais militaire, tu cantonnasses près de la frontière.
||If you were a soldier, you would be stationed near the border.
||Il aurait aimé que je cantonnât dans son entreprise.
||He would have liked for me to be stationed at his company.
||Elle préférerait que tu cantonnât dans cette région.
||She would prefer for you to be stationed in this region.
||Si on cantonnât ensemble, on pourrait mieux se connaître.
||If we were stationed together, we could get to know each other better.
||Si nous cantonnassions là-bas, nous aurions une belle vue.
||If we were stationed there, we would have a beautiful view.
||Si vous cantonnassiez dans cette ville, vous auriez beaucoup à explorer.
||If you were stationed in this city, you would have a lot to explore.
||S’ils cantonnassent plus souvent, ils auraient une meilleure organisation.
||If they were stationed more often, they would have better organization.
||Si elles cantonnassent dans une caserne, elles auraient des horaires réguliers.
||If they were stationed in a barracks, they would have regular schedules.
Other Conjugations for Cantonner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
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Cantonner – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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