Introduction to the verb cantonner
Get the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) tense conjugation of cantonner. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb cantonner is “to quarter” or “to billet”. The infinitive form of cantonner is pronounced as kahn-toh-nay.
Cantonner comes from the Old French word “cantoner”, which means “to assign quarters”. It is derived from the word “canton”, which refers to a small administrative division in Switzerland. In everyday French, cantonner is most commonly used in the L’infinitif Présent tense to express the action of assigning or lodging soldiers in a particular location.
Here are three simple examples of cantonner in the L’infinitif Présent tense with their respective English translations:
- Je dois cantonner les soldats dans les maisons du village. (I have to quarter the soldiers in the houses of the village.)
- Les officiers cantonnent dans un hôtel de luxe. (The officers are billeted in a luxury hotel.)
- Les troupes seront cantonnées dans la ville jusqu’à nouvel ordre. (The troops will be quartered in the city until further notice.)
Table of the L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of cantonner
|Je me cantonne ici.
|I’m stationed here.
|Tu cantonnes à Paris.
|You are stationed in Paris.
|Il cantonne dans le nord.
|He is stationed in the north.
|Elle cantonne à la base.
|She is stationed at the base.
|On se cantonne à l’armée.
|We are stationed in the army.
|Nous cantonnons à la frontière.
|We are stationed at the border.
|Vous cantonnez en Europe.
|You are stationed in Europe.
|Ils cantonnent au sud.
|They are stationed in the south.
|Elles cantonnent pour la sécurité.
|They are stationed for security.
Other Conjugations for Cantonner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cantonner (this article)
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Cantonner – About the French L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense
The French “l’infinitif présent” (Infinitive Present) tense is not a true verb tense in the same way that the present, past, or future tenses are. Instead, it’s the base form of a verb, and it has several important uses and interactions with other tenses.
Forming the Infinitive Present
To form the infinitive present of a verb, you typically take the unconjugated form of the verb (the form you’d find in a French dictionary) and remove the ending. For regular verbs, you remove the -er, -ir, or -re ending, and you’re left with the infinitive. For example:
– Parler (to speak)
– Finir (to finish)
– Vendre (to sell)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
As a Verb’s Dictionary Form
The most common use of the infinitive present is to represent a verb in its base form. It’s the form you would find in a dictionary or verb conjugation table.
After Modal Verbs
When you use modal verbs like “pouvoir” (can), “vouloir” (want), or “devoir” (must), the verb that follows is in its infinitive form. For example:
– Je veux manger. (I want to eat.)
– Il peut parler français. (He can speak French.)
As an Imperative
In informal commands, the infinitive is often used. For example:
– Ferme la porte. (Close the door.)
In Infinitive Clauses
In complex sentences, especially after certain conjunctions, the infinitive is used to express actions that are separate from the main verb. For example:
– J’ai besoin de manger avant de partir. (I need to eat before leaving.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The infinitive present can be used with the present tense to express ongoing actions or habitual actions. For example:
– J’aime manger des croissants. (I like eating croissants.)
When combined with the future tense of “aller,” the infinitive present can express future actions. For example:
– Je vais manger au restaurant demain. (I am going to eat at the restaurant tomorrow.)
The infinitive present is often used with the conditional to express actions that would happen in a hypothetical situation. For example:
– Il mangerait s’il avait faim. (He would eat if he were hungry.)
When forming compound tenses like “passé composé,” the auxiliary verb (être or avoir) is conjugated, and the main verb remains in its infinitive form. For example:
– J’ai mangé une pomme. (I ate an apple.)
– Elle est partie. (She left.)
The infinitive present can be combined with the imperfect tense to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. For example:
– Quand j’étais enfant, j’aimais jouer. (When I was a child, I liked to play.)
Subjunctive and Conditional Moods
In some complex sentences, the infinitive can be used with the subjunctive and conditional moods, especially when expressing uncertainty, possibility, or doubt.
The infinitive present in French serves as the base form of a verb and is used in various contexts, including after modal verbs, in imperative commands, in infinitive clauses, and in combination with other tenses to convey a wide range of meanings and actions. Its flexibility makes it a fundamental part of French grammar.
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