Introduction to the verb copermuter
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The English translation of the French verb copermuter is “to exchange” or “to swap”. The infinitive form of the verb is pronounced as “koh-pair-moo-tay”.
The term copermuter is derived from the Latin words “co-” meaning “together” and “permutare” meaning “to change or exchange”. It is most often used in everyday French in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense, which is a verb tense used to express hypothetical or uncertain actions in the past.
Three simple examples of copermuter in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense are:
- Nous souhaitions que nos voisins copermutassent leur maison avec la nôtre. (We wished that our neighbors would exchange their house with ours.)
- Il était important que nous copermutassions nos numéros de téléphone pour rester en contact. (It was important that we swapped our phone numbers to stay in touch.)
- Je voulais que tu copermutasses ta place avec la mienne dans le train. (I wanted you to swap seats with mine on the train.)
In English, the Subjonctif Imparfait tense is equivalent to the past tense of the verb “would” or the phrase “were to” when expressing a hypothetical or uncertain action. Therefore, the above examples can also be translated as “We wished our neighbors would exchange their house with ours”, “It was important that we were to swap our phone numbers to stay in touch”, and “I wanted you to swap seats with mine on the train”.
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of copermuter
||Si j’étais plus attentif, je copermutasse les chiffres correctement.
||If I were more attentive, I would permute the numbers correctly.
||Si tu copermutasses les nombres, tu obtiendrais la bonne réponse.
||If you permuted the numbers, you would get the right answer.
||Il réussirait si il copermutât les pièces du puzzle.
||He would succeed if he permuted the puzzle pieces.
||Elle trouverait la solution si elle copermutât les lettres.
||She would find the solution if she permuted the letters.
||Si on copermutât les tâches, ça serait plus efficace.
||If one permuted the tasks, it would be more efficient.
||Si nous copermutassions les éléments, nous aurions un résultat différent.
||If we permuted the elements, we would have a different result.
||Si vous copermutassiez les images, vous verriez l’illusion.
||If you permuted the images, you would see the illusion.
||Si ils copermutassent les groupes, ils obtiendraient des résultats variés.
||If they permuted the groups, they would get diverse results.
||Si elles copermutassent les cartes, le jeu serait différent.
||If they permuted the cards, the game would be different.
Other Conjugations for Copermuter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb copermuter
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Copermuter – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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