Introduction to the verb cloner
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The English translation of the French verb cloner is “to clone.” It is pronounced as “klo-nay” in the infinitive form.
The origin of the word “cloner” comes from the French noun “clone,” which is derived from the Greek word “klōn,” meaning “twig or branch.” In everyday French, “cloner” is most often used in the Subjonctif Passé tense to express a hypothetical or imagined action in the past.
Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Subjonctif Passé tense:
- J’aurais aimé que tu aies cloné cette plante pour moi. (I wish you had cloned this plant for me.)
- Il aurait été intéressant que les scientifiques aient cloné un être humain. (It would have been interesting if scientists had cloned a human being.)
- Nous aurions voulu que notre chat ait été cloné avant de mourir. (We would have wanted our cat to have been cloned before dying.)
Table of the Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of cloner
|J’espère que j’aie cloné.
|I hope I cloned.
|Il est nécessaire que tu aies cloné.
|You must have cloned.
|Il est possible qu’il ait cloné.
|It’s possible he cloned.
|Elle ne pense pas qu’elle ait cloné.
|She doesn’t think she cloned.
|On veut qu’on ait cloné.
|We want it to have been cloned.
|Nous préférons que nous ayons cloné.
|We prefer we cloned.
|Il est important que vous ayez cloné.
|It’s important that you cloned.
|Ils doutent qu’ils aient cloné.
|They doubt they cloned.
|Elles doivent s’assurer qu’elles aient cloné.
|They must make sure they cloned.
Other Conjugations for Cloner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner (this article)
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cloner
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Cloner – About the French Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense
The French Subjonctif Passé is a verb tense used to express actions or states that are uncertain, hypothetical, or dependent on some condition in the past. It’s often used in conjunction with the main verb in the present or future tense to convey various nuances of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion.
Formation of the Subjonctif Passé
To form the Subjonctif Passé, you generally need to start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the passé composé (a compound past tense). Then, drop the subject and replace it with the appropriate Subjonctif endings. The endings are the same for regular -er, -ir, and -re verbs:
– For -er verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
– For -ir verbs: -isse, -isses, -ît, -issions, -issiez, -issent
– For -re verbs: -e, -es, -e, -ions, -iez, -ent
For example, if you have the verb “parler” (to speak) in the third person plural passé composé, which is “ils ont parlé” (they spoke), the Subjonctif Passé form would be “qu’ils aient parlé” (that they spoke).
Everyday Usage Patterns
The Subjonctif Passé is commonly used in various situations:
– Expressing doubt or uncertainty: It’s used when you’re not certain about the completion of an action in the past. For example, “Je doute qu’il ait mangé” (I doubt that he ate).
– Desires and preferences: When you want or wish for something to have happened in the past. For instance, “Je préfère que tu aies réussi” (I prefer that you have succeeded).
– Expressing emotions: To convey emotions or feelings related to past actions or events. For example, “Il est content que nous ayons gagné” (He is happy that we won).
– Hypothetical situations: When discussing hypothetical or unreal past situations. For example, “Si j’avais su, j’aurais souhaité qu’ils aient été là” (If I had known, I would have wished they had been there).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Passé often interacts with other tenses to convey specific meanings:
It’s commonly used after expressions of doubt, desire, necessity, or emotion in the present. For example, “Il faut que tu aies fini” (You must have finished).
It’s used in the future for hypothetical or unreal actions in the past when the main clause is in the future. For example, “Je douterai qu’ils aient terminé demain” (I will doubt that they have finished tomorrow).
When the main clause is in the conditional, the Subjonctif Passé can be used to express unreal or hypothetical actions in the past. For instance, “Il voudrait que nous ayons réussi” (He would like us to have succeeded).
The Subjonctif Passé is a versatile tense used in French to convey uncertainty, doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations related to past actions. It is used in various everyday contexts and interacts with other tenses to express specific nuances in the language.
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