Introduction to the verb cloner
The English translation of the French verb cloner is “to clone.” It is pronounced as “kloh-nay.”
The word cloner comes from the French noun “clone,” which is derived from the Greek word “klōn,” meaning “twig, slip.” The verb cloner was first used in the 1970s when scientists began experimenting with cloning animals.
In everyday French, cloner is most often used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense in English. This tense is used to express an action that was completed before another past action.
Here are three simple examples of cloner in Plus-que-parfait tense with their English translations:
- J’avais cloné l’image avant de la modifier. (I had cloned the image before modifying it.)
- Tu avais cloné les données avant de les supprimer. (You had cloned the data before deleting them.)
- Ils avaient cloné le chien pour une étude scientifique. (They had cloned the dog for a scientific study.)
Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of cloner
|J’avais cloné le fichier.
|I had cloned the file.
|tu avais cloné
|Tu avais cloné la carte mémoire.
|You had cloned the memory card.
|il avait cloné
|Il avait cloné les données.
|He had cloned the data.
|elle avait cloné
|Elle avait cloné le disque dur.
|She had cloned the hard drive.
|on avait cloné
|On avait cloné le logiciel.
|One had cloned the software.
|nous avions cloné
|Nous avions cloné le document.
|We had cloned the document.
|vous aviez cloné
|Vous aviez cloné le dossier.
|You had cloned the folder.
|ils avaient cloné
|Ils avaient cloné l’ordinateur.
|They had cloned the computer.
|elles avaient cloné
|Elles avaient cloné le téléphone.
|They had cloned the phone.
Other Conjugations for Cloner.
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Cloner – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense
Common everyday usage patterns
Sequencing of past events
Hypothetical or reported speech
Interactions with other tenses
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