Introduction to the verb frustrer
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The English translation of the French verb frustrer is “to frustrate.” It is pronounced as “froo-streh” in its infinitive form.
The word “frustrer” comes from the Latin word “frustrari” which means “to deceive, disappoint, or thwart.” It entered the French language in the 16th century, and its meaning has remained consistent throughout the years.
In everyday French, the verb frustrer is most often used in the Conditionnel Passé tense to express a past hypothetical situation or an unfulfilled desire. It is formed by using the conditional form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” followed by the past participle of “frustrer.”
Here are three examples of its usage in this tense, with the respective English translations:
Si j’avais suivi mon intuition, je n’aurais pas été frustré par les résultats. (If I had followed my intuition, I would not have been frustrated by the results.)
Nous serions moins frustrés si nous avions eu plus de temps pour préparer la présentation. (We would be less frustrated if we had had more time to prepare the presentation.)
Tu aurais été tellement frustré si tu avais été là pour voir ça. (You would have been so frustrated if you had been there to see it.)
Overall, the verb frustrer is commonly used in everyday French to express disappointment, dissatisfaction, or unfulfilled desires in the past.
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of frustrer
|Si j’avais su, je t’aurais frustré.
|I would have frustrated you.
|Tu aurais frustré ton ami.
|You would have frustrated your friend.
|Il aurait frustré son patron.
|He would have frustrated his boss.
|Elle aurait frustré ses enfants.
|She would have frustrated her children.
|On aurait frustré tout le monde.
|One would have frustrated everyone.
|Nous aurions frustré le projet.
|We would have frustrated the project.
|Vous auriez frustré vos collègues.
|You would have frustrated your colleagues.
|Ils auraient frustré leurs supporters.
|They would have frustrated their supporters.
|Elles auraient frustré leur équipe.
|They (female) would have frustrated their team.
Other Conjugations for Frustrer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb frustrer
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Frustrer – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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