Introduction to the verb convier
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The English translation of the French verb convier is “to invite.” It is pronounced “kawn-vee-ay.”
The word convier comes from the Latin word “convidare,” meaning “to invite.” It entered the French language in the 12th century and has remained a commonly used verb in everyday French.
In the Futur Antérieur tense, convier is used to talk about actions that will have been completed in the future. It is formed by using the future tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of convier (convié).
Example 1: Je t’aurai convié à ma fête avant que tu partes pour l’étranger.
Translation: I will have invited you to my party before you leave for abroad.
Example 2: Nous serons conviés à la réunion lorsque nous aurons fini ce projet.
Translation: We will have been invited to the meeting once we have finished this project.
Example 3: Ils auront convié tous leurs amis à leur mariage avant de partir en lune de miel.
Translation: They will have invited all their friends to their wedding before leaving for their honeymoon.
Table of the Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of convier
|J’aurai convié mes amis à la fête.
|I will have invited my friends to the party.
|tu auras convié
|Tu auras convié ta famille au mariage.
|You will have invited your family to the wedding.
|il aura convié
|Il aura convié ses collègues à la réunion.
|He will have invited his colleagues to the meeting.
|elle aura convié
|Elle aura convié ses voisins au barbecue.
|She will have invited her neighbors to the barbecue.
|on aura convié
|On aura convié tout le quartier à la fête de quartier.
|One/We will have invited the whole neighborhood to the block party.
|nous aurons convié
|Nous aurons convié nos amis à la soirée.
|We will have invited our friends to the party.
|vous aurez convié
|Vous aurez convié vos collègues à la conférence.
|You will have invited your colleagues to the conference.
|ils auront convié
|Ils auront convié leurs voisins au potluck.
|They will have invited their neighbors to the potluck.
|elles auront convié
|Elles auront convié leurs camarades à la sortie.
|They will have invited their classmates to the outing.
Other Conjugations for Convier.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier (this article)
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb convier
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Convier – About the French Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense
The French futur antérieur tense is a compound tense used to express actions or events that will have occurred in the future before another action takes place. It is formed by using the future tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” (depending on the main verb) followed by the past participle of the main verb.
1. For most verbs, use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– Subject + future tense of “avoir” + past participle
Example with the verb “manger” (to eat):
– J’aurai mangé (I will have eaten)
– Tu auras mangé (You will have eaten)
– Il/elle/on aura mangé (He/She/One will have eaten)
– Nous aurons mangé (We will have eaten)
– Vous aurez mangé (You will have eaten)
– Ils/elles auront mangé (They will have eaten)
2. For a select group of verbs, use “être” as the auxiliary verb. These are typically verbs of motion or state-changing verbs (e.g., aller, venir, naître, mourir, partir, etc.). The formation is the same, but the auxiliary verb is “être.”
Example with the verb “partir” (to leave):
– Je serai parti(e) (I will have left)
– Tu seras parti(e) (You will have left)
– Il/elle/on sera parti(e) (He/She/One will have left)
– Nous serons parti(e)s (We will have left)
– Vous serez parti(e)(s) (You will have left)
– Ils/elles seront parti(e)s (They will have left)
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. The futur antérieur is used to express an action that will be completed before a specific point in the future. For example:
– Je partirai dès que j’aurai fini mon travail. (I will leave as soon as I have finished my work.)
– Ils seront rentrés avant que la pluie commence. (They will have returned before the rain starts.)
2. It is often used with time expressions that indicate when the action will occur relative to another future action, such as “dès que” (as soon as), “avant que” (before), “une fois que” (once), etc.
Interactions with Other Tenses
– The futur antérieur tense is commonly used in combination with the future simple (futur simple) and other tenses to indicate the sequence of actions in the future. The futur antérieur typically refers to the action that will have been completed before another action takes place.
– Quand tu auras terminé ton devoir, tu pourras sortir. (When you have finished your homework, you can go out.)
– J’irai te voir après que tu seras rentré. (I will visit you after you have returned.)
The futur antérieur tense is used to express completed actions in the future that will occur before another specified future action or event. It’s a crucial tense for describing the chronological order of events in French.
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