Introduction to the verb calquer
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The English translation of the French verb calquer is “to copy” or “to mimic.” It is pronounced as “kal-ker” in its infinitive form.
The word “calquer” comes from the Latin verb “calcāre,” meaning “to tread” or “to stamp.” It was first used in the French language in the 16th century, in reference to the practice of tracing a design or pattern by placing a transparent sheet over it and copying it by hand.
In everyday French, calquer is most often used in the Futur Proche tense, which is formed by conjugating the auxiliary verb “aller” in the present tense followed by the infinitive of the main verb. In this tense, calquer expresses a future action or intention to copy or mimic something.
- Je vais calquer cette peinture pour mon projet d’art. (I am going to copy this painting for my art project.)
- Tu vas calquer ton voisin et faire la même chose? (Are you going to mimic your neighbor and do the same thing?)
- Ils vont calquer leur stratégie sur celle de leur concurrent. (They are going to copy their competitor’s strategy.)
In these examples, calquer is used to describe the intention or plan to copy something in the near future. It can also be used in other tenses, such as the passé composé (je l’ai calquée – I copied it) or the présent (il calque toujours ses mouvements sur les miens – he always mimics my movements).
Table of the Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of calquer
|Je vais calquer les mouvements de danse.
|I am going to mimic the dance moves.
|Tu vas calquer le dessin.
|You are going to trace the drawing.
|Il va calquer la stratégie.
|He is going to copy the strategy.
|Elle va calquer le style de la peinture.
|She is going to imitate the painting style.
|On va calquer le modèle.
|We/One are going to copy the template.
|Nous allons calquer le texte.
|We are going to duplicate the text.
|Vous allez calquer le mouvement.
|You are going to mimic the movement.
|Ils vont calquer la structure.
|They are going to replicate the structure.
|Elles vont calquer la recette.
|They are going to follow the recipe.
Other Conjugations for Calquer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer (this article)
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
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Calquer – About the French Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense
The French futur proche, also known as the near future tense, is a verb tense used to express actions or events that will happen in the near future. It’s a relatively simple tense to form and is commonly used in everyday conversation in the French language.
To form the futur proche, you typically use the present tense conjugation of the verb “aller” (to go) and follow it with the infinitive of the main verb:
1. Conjugate “aller” in the present tense according to the subject pronoun:
– Je vais (I am going)
– Tu vas (You are going)
– Il/elle/on va (He/she/one is going)
– Nous allons (We are going)
– Vous allez (You are going)
– Ils/elles vont (They are going)
2. Add the infinitive of the main verb immediately after “aller.” For example:
– Je vais manger (I am going to eat)
– Tu vas étudier (You are going to study)
– Il va partir (He is going to leave)
– Nous allons danser (We are going to dance)
– Vous allez voyager (You are going to travel)
– Ils vont travailler (They are going to work)
Common Everyday Usage
The futur proche is used to talk about actions or events that are expected to happen in the near future. It is often used in casual, everyday conversations to discuss plans, intentions, or predictions. For instance:
– Je vais faire les courses demain. (I am going to do the grocery shopping tomorrow.)
– Ils vont regarder un film ce soir. (They are going to watch a movie tonight.)
– Tu vas rencontrer Sophie à la gare. (You are going to meet Sophie at the train station.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The futur proche is used to talk about the near future and should not be confused with the futur simple (simple future), which is used to discuss events that will happen further in the future. Here are some interactions with other tenses:
The futur proche is often used to express actions happening in the near future alongside actions in the present tense. For example: “Je travaille demain” (I am working tomorrow).
When narrating events in the past, the futur proche can be used to describe what was about to happen at a specific point in time. For example: “Il est arrivé à l’aéroport, mais son avion allait partir” (He arrived at the airport, but his plane was about to leave).
The futur proche can also be combined with the conditional to express future actions that are contingent on certain conditions. For example: “Si j’ai le temps, j’irai au cinéma ce soir” (If I have time, I will go to the cinema tonight).
The French futur proche is a versatile tense used to describe actions or events that will occur in the near future. It’s commonly used in everyday conversation to discuss plans, intentions, and predictions, and it interacts with other tenses to provide context for different time frames.
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