Introduction to the verb calquer
The English translation of the French verb calquer is “to copy” or “to trace.” The infinitive form, calquer, is pronounced “kal-kay.”
The word calquer comes from the French noun calque, which means “copy” or “tracing.” It is derived from the Italian word calcare, meaning “to stamp” or “to press.” In everyday French, calquer is most commonly used in the Plus-que-parfait tense, which is the past perfect tense.
Three examples of calquer in the Plus-que-parfait tense with their respective English translations are:
- J’avais calqué le dessin avant de le colorier. (I had traced the drawing before coloring it.)
- Tu avais calqué le texte pour mieux comprendre son sens. (You had copied the text to better understand its meaning.)
- Ils avaient calqué leur travail sur celui de leur professeur. (They had based their work on that of their teacher.)
Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of calquer
|Pronoun||Conjugation||Short Example||English Translation|
|je||j’avais calqué||J’avais calqué son dessin.||I had traced his drawing.|
|tu||tu avais calqué||Tu avais calqué sa signature.||You had copied his signature.|
|il||il avait calqué||Il avait calqué le mouvement.||He had imitated the movement.|
|elle||elle avait calqué||Elle avait calqué le style.||She had copied the style.|
|on||on avait calqué||On avait calqué leur méthode.||One had copied their method.|
|nous||nous avions calqué||Nous avions calqué leur stratégie.||We had copied their strategy.|
|vous||vous aviez calqué||Vous aviez calqué leur comportement.||You had mimicked their behavior.|
|ils||ils avaient calqué||Ils avaient calqué leur construction.||They had reproduced their building.|
|elles||elles avaient calqué||Elles avaient calqué leur travail.||They had replicated their work.|
Other Conjugations for Calquer.
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Calquer – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense
Common everyday usage patterns
Sequencing of past events
Hypothetical or reported speech
Interactions with other tenses
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