Introduction to the verb calquer
Get the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense conjugation of calquer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb calquer is “to copy” or “to trace”. It is pronounced as “kal-kay”.
The word “calquer” comes from the Latin word “calcare”, meaning “to trample” or “to walk on”. It first appeared in French in the 16th century and was used to describe the act of tracing or copying a design or image.
In everyday French, calquer is most often used in the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) tense to describe a completed action in the past. It is often followed by the preposition “sur” to indicate what was copied or traced.
Here are three simple examples of calquer used in the Passé Composé tense:
- J’ai calqué le dessin sur une feuille de papier. (I copied/traced the drawing on a sheet of paper.)
- Tu as calqué tes réponses sur les miennes. (You copied/traced your answers on mine.)
- Il a calqué son style de danse sur celui de Michael Jackson. (He copied/traced his dance style on Michael Jackson’s.)
In these examples, calquer is used to indicate the act of copying or tracing something, whether it be a drawing, answers, or a dance style. It can also be used in a figurative sense to mean “to imitate” or “to mimic”.
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of calquer
||J’ai calqué le dessin.
||I traced the drawing.
||Tu as calqué tes mouvements.
||You copied your movements.
||Il a calqué son idée sur la mienne.
||He modeled his idea after mine.
||Elle a calqué son style sur le mien.
||She copied her style after mine.
||On a calqué le plan sur le modèle.
||We based the plan on the model.
||Nous avons calqué notre stratégie sur la leur.
||We modeled our strategy after theirs.
||Vous avez calqué vos actions sur les leurs.
||You copied your actions after theirs.
||Ils ont calqué leur comportement sur celui des autres.
||They copied their behavior after that of others.
||Elles ont calqué leur discours sur le nôtre.
||They modeled their speech after ours.
Other Conjugations for Calquer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb calquer
Struggling with French verbs or the language in general? Why not use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
Get a FREE Download Study Sheet of this Conjugation 🔥
Simply right click the image below, click “save image” and get your free reference for the calquer present perfect tense conjugation!
Calquer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb calquer. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!