Introduction to the verb chaumer
Get the L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) tense conjugation of chaumer. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb chaumer is “to idle” or “to laze around.” It is pronounced “show-may.”
The origin of chaumer can be traced back to the Latin word “calumnia,” which means “false accusation” or “calumny.” In Old French, it evolved to “chaume,” which referred to straw or dried grass. Over time, the meaning of the word shifted to refer to idleness or laziness, possibly because people would often take breaks and lounge in the fields while working with straw.
In everyday French, chaumer is most often used in the L’impératif Présent tense, which is the imperative mood used to give commands or make requests. It is most commonly used in a negative form, as in “ne chaume pas” meaning “don’t idle” or “don’t be lazy.” Some examples of its usage in this tense are:
- Ne chaume pas et aide-moi à ranger la maison. (Don’t idle and help me clean the house.)
- Ne chaume pas devant la télévision toute la journée. (Don’t laze around in front of the TV all day.)
- Ne chaume pas pendant les vacances, profite-en pour faire du sport. (Don’t idle during the holidays, take the opportunity to do some sports.)
In these examples, chaumer is used as a command or request to not be lazy or idle and to take action instead.
Table of the L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of chaumer
||Je chôme depuis deux mois.
||I have been unemployed for two months.
||Tu ne chôme pas assez.
||You are not unemployed enough.
||Il ne chôme pas souvent.
||He is not unemployed often.
||Elle chôme depuis sa grossesse.
||She has been unemployed since her pregnancy.
||On chôme en attendant le train.
||We are unemployed waiting for the train.
||Chômons moins et travaillons plus.
||Let’s be unemployed less and work more.
||Vous ne chômez pas trop.
||You are not unemployed too much.
||Ils chôment à cause de la crise.
||They are unemployed because of the crisis.
||Elles chôment depuis leur licenciement.
||They have been unemployed since their layoff.
Other Conjugations for Chaumer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer (this article)
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb chaumer
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Chaumer – About the French L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense
L’impératif Présent is a mood in the French language that is used to give commands, make requests, offer advice, or express a desire in the present tense. It’s a relatively simple tense and is used to address someone directly. Let’s dive into its usage, conjugation, and interactions with other tenses:
You use l’impératif présent to give direct commands or orders. It is often used in informal and formal situations to tell someone to do or not do something. For example:
– Mange ta soupe. (Eat your soup.)
– Ferme la porte. (Close the door.)
You can also use the imperative to make polite requests. In this case, it is a gentler way to ask someone to do something. For example:
– Parle plus lentement, s’il te plaît. (Speak more slowly, please.)
It’s common to use l’impératif to give advice or suggestions:
– Étudie bien pour ton examen. (Study well for your exam.)
You can express your desires or wishes using the imperative:
– Amuse-toi bien à la fête. (Have a good time at the party.)
To form l’impératif présent, you need to use the base form of the verb without the subject pronoun (tu, nous, vous, etc.). The conjugation varies depending on the type of verb:
Regular -ER verbs (e.g., parler)
– Tu: Parle (speak)
– Nous: Parlons (let’s speak)
– Vous: Parlez (speak)
Regular -IR verbs (e.g., finir)
– Tu: Finis (finish)
– Nous: Finissons (let’s finish)
– Vous: Finissez (finish)
Regular -RE verbs (e.g., vendre)
– Tu: Vends (sell)
– Nous: Vendons (let’s sell)
– Vous: Vendez (sell)
Irregular verbs (e.g., être, avoir, aller)
– Tu: Sois (be), aie (have), va (go)
– Nous: Soyons (let’s be), ayons (let’s have), allons (let’s go)
– Vous: Soyez (be), ayez (have), allez (go)
Interactions with other tenses
L’impératif is used exclusively in the present tense and does not interact with other tenses in the same way as indicative or subjunctive moods.
It’s used for direct commands and requests in the here and now. However, in more formal or written contexts, you might find the imperative used with expressions like “quand tu auras fini” (when you have finished) or “dès que tu seras prêt” (as soon as you are ready), which introduce a future action while maintaining the imperative mood for the main verb.
– Quand tu auras fini ton travail, viens me voir. (When you have finished your work, come see me.)
In this case, the imperative is used in conjunction with future actions, but it’s still employed for the main verb to convey a sense of directness or immediacy.
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