Introduction to the verb bigorner
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The English translation of the French verb bigorner is “to gild” or “to cover with gold leaf.” It is pronounced “bee-gor-nay.”
The language origin of bigorner comes from the Old French word “bigorner” which means “to ornament with gold or silver.” It is derived from the Latin word “buccus” meaning “cheek” which evolved to mean “gilded.” In modern French, bigorner is used to describe the act of adding gold leaf or gilt to an object.
In everyday French, bigorner is most often used in the Passé Antérieur tense, which is the past tense used for events that took place before another past event. It is formed by conjugating the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” in the Imparfait tense and adding the past participle of the main verb.
Three simple examples of bigorner in the Passé Antérieur tense with their English translations are:
- J’avais bigorné le cadre avant de l’offrir en cadeau. (I had gilded the frame before giving it as a gift.)
- Elle fut ravie quand elle apprit que je lui avais bigorné son nom sur la médaille. (She was delighted when she found out that I had gilded her name on the medal.)
- Les artisans avaient bigorné les églises de la ville avec soin. (The artisans had carefully gilded the churches in the city.)
Table of the Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of bigorner
||I had bigorned
||Tu eusses bigorné
||You had bigorned
||Il eût bigorné
||He had bigorned
||Elle eût bigorné
||She had bigorned
||On eût bigorné
||One had bigorned
||Nous eûmes bigorné
||We had bigorned
||Vous eûtes bigorné
||You had bigorned
||Ils eurent bigorné
||They had bigorned
||Elles eurent bigorné
||They had bigorned
Other Conjugations for Bigorner.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner (this article)
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bigorner
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Bigorner – About the French Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense
The French Passé Antérieur tense, often referred to as the “past anterior” in English, is a literary and formal past tense that is not commonly used in everyday spoken French. It is primarily found in written language, particularly in literature, historical texts, and formal writing. This tense is used to express actions that occurred before another action in the past, serving a similar purpose to the past perfect tense (passé composé) in English.
Formation of the Passé Antérieur
The Passé Antérieur is formed by using the third person singular of the passé simple (simple past) tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être,” followed by the past participle of the main verb.
The choice between “avoir” and “être” as the auxiliary verb depends on the main verb and its transitivity or intransitivity. Here is the basic structure:
1. For verbs that use “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
– J’eus (I had) + past participle (of the main verb)
2. For verbs that use “être” as the auxiliary verb:
– Je fus (I was) + past participle (of the main verb)
Common Usage Patterns
As mentioned earlier, the Passé Antérieur is primarily used in formal and literary contexts. It is rarely used in everyday spoken French, where the passé composé and imparfait are more commonly used to express past actions. Some common patterns of usage include:
The Passé Antérieur is frequently used in literature to describe past events in a succinct and formal manner.
It is used in historical narratives to recount past actions and events.
In formal and academic writing, the Passé Antérieur can be employed to convey events in the past with a sense of formality and precision.
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Passé Antérieur often interacts with other tenses, especially when narrating past events in a chronological order:
Passé Composé (Present Perfect)
The Passé Antérieur can be used to indicate an action that occurred before another action expressed in the passé composé. For example: “Il eut terminé son travail avant que je ne sois arrivé.” (He had finished his work before I arrived).
The Passé Antérieur may be used in conjunction with the imparfait to convey a sequence of past actions. For instance: “Elle arriva après que nous eûmes commencé.” (She arrived after we had started).
Futur Antérieur (Future Perfect)
In the context of storytelling or narration, the Passé Antérieur can be used to describe events that happened before a future action expressed in the futur antérieur. For example: “Il partira après qu’il aura fini.” (He will leave after he has finished).
Passé Antérieur is a formal past tense used in written language and literary contexts to describe actions that occurred before another action in the past. It is not commonly used in everyday spoken French where you should instead use the passé composé and imparfait for discussing past events.
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