Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander

Introduction to the verb enviander

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The English translation of the French verb enviander is “to stuff” or “to fill.” It is pronounced as ahn-vyan-deh.

The word enviander comes from the Old French word “envienir” which means “to fill.” It is typically used in cooking contexts to describe the action of filling something, such as a pastry or a turkey. In everyday French, it is also used in a more general sense to describe the act of filling or stuffing something with a substance or material.

In the Plus-que-parfait tense, enviander is conjugated as “j’avais enviandĂ©” for the first person singular, “tu avais enviandĂ©” for the second person singular, “il/elle avait enviandĂ©” for the third person singular, “nous avions enviandĂ©” for the first person plural, “vous aviez enviandĂ©” for the second person plural, and “ils/elles avaient enviandĂ©” for the third person plural.

Here are three simple examples of its usage in the Plus-que-parfait tense:

  1. J’avais enviandĂ© la dinde avec de la farce pour le dĂźner. (I had stuffed the turkey with stuffing for dinner.)
  2. Tu avais enviandĂ© les crĂȘpes avec de la confiture. (You had filled the crĂȘpes with jam.)
  3. Ils avaient enviandé les sacs avec du sable pour les maintenir en place. (They had stuffed the bags with sand to keep them in place.)

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of enviander

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais enviandĂ© J’avais enviandĂ© la viande. I had marinated the meat.
tu tu avais enviandé Tu avais enviandé le poisson. You had marinated the fish.
il il avait enviandé Il avait enviandé les légumes. He had marinated the vegetables.
elle elle avait enviandé Elle avait enviandé le tofu. She had marinated the tofu.
on on avait enviandé On avait enviandé la salade. One had marinated the salad.
nous nous avions enviandé Nous avions enviandé le poulet. We had marinated the chicken.
vous vous aviez enviandé Vous aviez enviandé les crevettes. You had marinated the shrimp.
ils ils avaient enviandé Ils avaient enviandé les cÎtelettes. They had marinated the chops.
elles elles avaient enviandé Elles avaient enviandé le tofu. They had marinated the tofu.

Other Conjugations for Enviander.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    PassĂ© Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    PassĂ© ComposĂ© (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander     (this article)

    PassĂ© AntĂ©rieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander

    Futur AntĂ©rieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander

    Subjonctif PrĂ©sent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander

    Subjonctif PassĂ© (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    Conditionnel PrĂ©sent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander
   

    Conditionnel PassĂ© (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander

    L’impĂ©ratif PrĂ©sent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander

    L’infinitif PrĂ©sent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb enviander

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Enviander – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “ĂȘtre” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangĂ© (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlĂ© (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient jouĂ© (They had played)
2. With “ĂȘtre” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’Ă©tais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu Ă©tais arrivĂ©(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on Ă©tait tombĂ©(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous Ă©tions restĂ©(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous Ă©tiez nĂ©(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles Ă©taient montĂ©(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangĂ© avant qu’il ne soit arrivĂ©” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivĂ©, ils avaient dĂ©jĂ  fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passĂ© composĂ© (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passĂ© composĂ© describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi diffĂ©remment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb enviander. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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