Introduction to the verb ariser
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of ariser. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
English translation: to arise/to get up/to arise from (a situation)
Language origin: Ariser comes from the French word “relever” meaning “to raise/to lift.” It is derived from the Latin word “relevare” which has the same meaning.
Subjonctif Imparfait tense usage: Ariser is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past. It is often used in conjunction with the word “si” which means “if.”
Si tu m’aidais, j’aurais pu m’ariser plus tôt. (If you had helped me, I could have gotten up earlier.)
Il aurait été mieux que tu t’arises plus tôt pour être à l’heure. (It would have been better if you had gotten up earlier to be on time.)
Je voulais qu’elle s’arise tôt mais elle était trop fatiguée. (I wanted her to get up early but she was too tired.)
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of ariser
|Si j’avais plus de temps, je arisasse plus d’histoire.
|If I had more time, I would tell more stories.
|Si tu te reposais plus, tu arisasses mieux.
|If you rested more, you would feel better.
|Il serait plus content si il arisât poliment.
|He would be happier if he behaved politely.
|Elle serait plus joyeuse si elle arisât avec ses amis.
|She would be happier if she laughed with her friends.
|Si on arisât plus souvent, on se sentirait mieux.
|If one laughed more often, one would feel better.
|Si nous arisassions ensemble, nous nous amuserions.
|If we laughed together, we would have fun.
|Si vous arisassiez plus fort, vous vous amuseriez plus.
|If you laughed louder, you would have more fun.
|S’ils arisassent plus souvent, ils seraient plus détendus.
|If they laughed more often, they would be more relaxed.
|Si elles arisassent ensemble, elles se sentiraient plus proches.
|If they laughed together, they would feel closer.
Other Conjugations for Ariser.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb ariser
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Ariser – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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