Introduction to the verb cambuter
Get the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) tense conjugation of cambuter. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb cambuter is “to commute”. It is pronounced as “kahm-byuh-tay” in its infinitive form.
The word cambuter comes from the Latin word “com” meaning “together” and “mutare” meaning “to change”. It first appeared in French in the mid-19th century and was initially used to describe a person who changed his or her place of work or residence frequently.
In everyday French, the verb cambuter is most often used in the Subjonctif Imparfait tense to express a hypothetical or uncertain action in the past. Some common situations where this tense is used include expressing wishes, doubts, or uncertainty.
Here are three examples of its usage in this tense with their English translations:
- Il fallait que je cambutasse pour aller au travail à l’heure. (I needed to commute in order to get to work on time.)
- Nous aimerions que tu cambutasses avec nous pour éviter les embouteillages. (We would like you to commute with us to avoid the traffic.)
- Je doute qu’il cambutât en vélo sous la pluie. (I doubt he commuted by bike in the rain.)
In each of these examples, the Subjonctif Imparfait tense is used to express an uncertain or hypothetical action in the past.
Table of the Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of cambuter
||Si j’étais riche, je cambutasse plus souvent.
||If I were rich, I would go shopping more often.
||Si tu avais plus d’argent, tu cambutasses tout le temps.
||If you had more money, you would go shopping all the time.
||Il serait heureux si il cambutât avec ses amis.
||He would be happy if he went shopping with his friends.
||Elle serait surprise si elle cambutât beaucoup.
||She would be surprised if she went shopping a lot.
||Si on cambutât ensemble, on dépenserait trop.
||If one went shopping together, one would spend too much.
||Si nous cambutions plus souvent, nous aurions plus de choses.
||If we went shopping more often, we would have more things.
||Si vous cambutiez moins, vous économiseriez plus.
||If you went shopping less, you would save more.
||S’ils cambutassent ensemble, ça serait amusant.
||If they went shopping together, it would be fun.
||Si elles cambutassent plus longtemps, elles trouveraient plus de choses.
||If they went shopping for longer, they would find more things.
Other Conjugations for Cambuter.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter (this article)
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb cambuter
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Cambuter – About the French Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense
The French Subjonctif Imparfait, also known as the imperfect subjunctive, is a verb tense used to express actions, states, or conditions that are uncertain, subjective, or hypothetical in the past. It is used in a variety of situations, including wishes, doubts, emotions, and polite requests, and often occurs in dependent clauses following certain expressions and conjunctions.
To form the Subjonctif Imparfait, you typically start with the third person plural (ils/elles) form of the verb in the imparfait (imperfect) tense. Then, you remove the -ent ending and add the appropriate endings:
– For regular -er verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
– For regular -ir and -re verbs: je -sse, tu -sses, il/elle/on -t, nous -ssions, vous -ssiez, ils/elles -ssent.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
1. Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty: The Subjonctif Imparfait is used to express doubt or uncertainty about something that happened in the past.
Example: Il doutait qu’elle vînt à la fête. (He doubted that she came to the party.)
2. Wishes and Desires: It is used to express wishes or desires in the past.
Example: J’aurais aimé que tu fusses là. (I would have liked you to be there.)
3. Hypothetical Scenarios: The Subjonctif Imparfait is employed in hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: Si j’eusse su, j’aurais agi différemment. (If I had known, I would have acted differently.)
4. Polite Requests and Suggestions: It is used to make polite requests and suggestions in a formal or polite tone.
Example: Il souhaitait que vous vinssiez lui rendre visite. (He wished that you would come to visit him.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used in dependent clauses with the Subjonctif Présent in the main clause, especially in complex sentences.
Example: Il faut que tu manges bien pour que tu aies de l’énergie. (You need to eat well so that you have energy.)
Indicatif Passé Composé
The Subjonctif Imparfait can be used alongside the Indicatif Passé Composé to indicate a contrast between a factual event and a hypothetical one.
Example: Il est parti avant que tu ne fusses arrivé. (He left before you arrived.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is often used with the Conditional to express unreal or hypothetical situations in the past.
Example: J’aurais pu le faire si j’eusse eu plus de temps. (I could have done it if I had had more time.)
It can also be used with the Conditional Perfect to express unreal or hypothetical past events that would have occurred before other past events.
Example: J’aurais su s’il eût partagé l’information. (I would have known if he had shared the information.)
The Subjonctif Imparfait is a relatively complex tense, and its usage depends on the context and the verbs involved. It is essential to practice and become familiar with common expressions and contexts where this tense is appropriate to use it effectively in everyday French communication.
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