Introduction to the verb bornoyer
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The English translation of the French verb bornoyer is “to squint.” It is pronounced “bor-noy-eh.”
Bornoyer comes from the Old French word “bornoi” which means “to measure with the eye” and the suffix “-er” which indicates the infinitive form of a verb. In modern French, it is primarily used in its infinitive form or in the past conditional tense.
In everyday French, bornoyer in the Conditionnel Passé tense is used to talk about a hypothetical action or situation in the past. It expresses what could have happened if certain conditions were met.
Here are three simple examples of bornoyer used in the Conditionnel Passé tense with their respective English translations:
- J’aurais bornoyé si j’avais oublié mes lunettes. (I would have squinted if I had forgotten my glasses.)
- Nous aurions bornoyé en regardant le soleil. (We would have squinted while looking at the sun.)
- Tu aurais bornoyé en lisant le petit texte. (You would have squinted while reading the small text.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of bornoyer
||Si tu avais été là, j’aurais bornoyé.
||If you had been there, I would have squinted.
||Tu aurais peut-être bornoyé si tu avais été là.
||You might have squinted if you had been there.
||Il aurait bornoyé pour mieux voir.
||He would have squinted to see better.
||Elle aurait bornoyé pour éviter le soleil.
||She would have squinted to avoid the sun.
||On aurait bornoyé s’il faisait plus clair.
||One would have squinted if it were clearer.
||Nous aurions bornoyé pour trouver notre chemin.
||We would have squinted to find our way.
||Vous auriez bornoyé si vous aviez oublié vos lunettes.
||You would have squinted if you had forgotten your glasses.
||Ils auraient bornoyé pour mieux voir le tableau.
||They would have squinted to see the painting better.
||Elles auraient bornoyé pour éviter la poussière.
||They (female) would have squinted to avoid the dust.
Other Conjugations for Bornoyer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
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Bornoyer – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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