Introduction to the verb bornoyer
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The English translation of the French verb bornoyer is “to squint” or “to look askance.” It is pronounced as “bohr-nwah-yay.”
Bornoyer is a regular French verb that is derived from the Old French word “bornoier,” meaning “to cast sidelong glances.” It is composed of the prefix “bor,” meaning “to look,” and the suffix “-oyer,” indicating an action or movement.
In everyday French, bornoyer is most often used in the passé composé (present perfect) tense to describe a completed action in the past. It is often used to express suspicion, doubt, or disapproval.
Three simple examples of its usage in the passé composé tense are:
J’ai bornoyé en voyant son comportement suspect. (I squinted when I saw his suspicious behavior.)
Tu as bornoyé en me répétant la même histoire. (You squinted while repeating the same story to me.)
Ils ont bornoyé en entendant les rumeurs sur leur voisin. (They squinted when they heard the rumors about their neighbor.)
Table of the Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of bornoyer
|J’ai bornoyé la cible.
|I aimed at the target.
|Tu as bornoyé le miroir.
|You aimed at the mirror.
|Il a bornoyé le ballon.
|He aimed at the ball.
|Elle a bornoyé le pistolet.
|She aimed at the gun.
|On a bornoyé la flèche.
|We aimed at the arrow.
|Nous avons bornoyé le tableau.
|We aimed at the target.
|Vous avez bornoyé la carte.
|You aimed at the map.
|Ils ont bornoyé le canon.
|They aimed at the cannon.
|Elles ont bornoyé le fusil.
|They aimed at the rifle.
Other Conjugations for Bornoyer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer (this article)
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb bornoyer
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Bornoyer – About the French Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense
The French Passé Composé is a compound tense used to express actions or events that have been completed in the past. It is one of the most common past tenses in the French language and is typically used in everyday conversation to describe actions that occurred at a specific point in the past. The Passé Composé is constructed using an auxiliary verb (either “être” or “avoir”) and a past participle.
Formation of the Passé Composé
Set the auxiliary verb with either
“être” – used with a select group of verbs (mostly intransitive verbs of motion, reflexive verbs, and some others) or
“avoir” – used with most other verbs.
Conjugate the auxiliary verb
If using “être,” you must conjugate it in the present tense according to the subject of the sentence.
Je suis, Tu es, Il est, Nous sommes, Vous êtes, Ils sont
If using “avoir,” conjugate it according to the subject as well:
J’ai, Tu as, Elle a, Nous avons, Vous avez, Ils ont.
Add the past participle
For regular -er verbs, remove the -er ending and add -é (e.g., “parler” becomes “parlé”).
For regular -ir verbs, remove the -ir ending and add -i (e.g., “finir” becomes “fini”).
For regular -re verbs, remove the -re ending and add -u (e.g., “vendre” becomes “vendu”).
For irregular verbs, you’ll need to learn the past participles individually, as they don’t follow a regular pattern.
Common everyday usage patterns
Narrating Past Events
The Passé Composé is used to talk about specific actions or events that took place in the past. For example: “Hier, j’ai mangé une pizza” (Yesterday, I ate a pizza).
When describing a series of actions in the past, the Passé Composé is used. For example: “D’abord, je me suis réveillé, puis je suis allé travailler” (First, I woke up, then I went to work).
Describing Completed Actions
It’s used to emphasize that an action has been completed, often with a specific time reference. For example: “Elle a terminé son travail à 18 heures” (She finished her work at 6 p.m.).
Interactions with other tenses
The Passé Composé is often used in conjunction with the imperfect tense when telling a story or describing past events. The Passé Composé is used for specific actions that occurred, while the imperfect is used for background information or ongoing actions.
For example: “Il pleuvait quand j’ai sorti mon parapluie” (It was raining when I took out my umbrella).
Conditional and Future Tenses
The Passé Composé is used as a reference point in complex sentences to establish the sequence of events in relation to future or conditional actions.
For example: “Quand il est arrivé, je lui ai donné ton message” (When he arrived, I gave him your message).
The French Passé Composé is an essential tense for talking about completed actions in the past in everyday conversation. It’s important to master the choice of auxiliary verb and the past participle conjugation for various verbs to use it effectively.
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