Introduction to the verb désincarcérer
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The English translation of the French verb désincarcérer is “to release from incarceration.” It is pronounced “dā-zēn-kar-sey-ray” in its infinitive form.
The word désincarcérer is derived from the prefix dés- meaning “de-” or “undo” and the verb incarcérer meaning “to incarcerate.” It is most often used in the context of releasing someone from prison or other form of incarceration.
In everyday French, désincarcérer is commonly used in the Conditionnel Passé tense to express a hypothetical past action. Here are three simple examples of its usage in this tense with their English translations:
Si je l’avais su plus tôt, je l’aurais désincarcéré. (If I had known earlier, I would have released him/her.)
Nous aurions désincarcéré le prisonnier si le juge avait accordé la libération conditionnelle. (We would have released the prisoner if the judge had granted parole.)
Tu serais désincarcéré maintenant si tu avais payé ta caution. (You would be released now if you had paid your bail.)
Table of the Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of désincarcérer
||Si j’avais été en retard, je t’aurais désincarcéré.
||If I had been late, I would have freed you.
||Tu aurais désincarcéré ton ami.
||You would have freed your friend.
||Il aurait désincarcéré le prisonnier.
||He would have freed the prisoner.
||Elle aurait désincarcéré sa famille.
||She would have freed her family.
||On aurait désincarcéré les victimes.
||One would have freed the victims.
||Nous aurions désincarcéré les blessés.
||We would have freed the injured.
||Vous auriez désincarcéré les otages.
||You would have freed the hostages.
||Ils auraient désincarcéré les victimes.
||They would have freed the victims.
||Elles auraient désincarcéré les otages.
||They (female) would have freed the hostages.
Other Conjugations for Désincarcérer.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer (this article)
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb désincarcérer
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Désincarcérer – About the French Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Passé” is a compound tense used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is formed by combining the conditional of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” and the past participle of the main verb.
Start with the conditional of the auxiliary verb: For most verbs, use “aurais” (for “avoir”) or “serais” (for “être”) as the conditional form.
With “avoir”: j’aurais, tu aurais, il/elle/on aurait, nous aurions, vous auriez, ils/elles auraient.
With “être”: je serais, tu serais, il/elle/on serait, nous serions, vous seriez, ils/elles seraient.
Add the past participle of the main verb to this conditional form.
For example, if you want to say “I would have done,” you would use “j’aurais fait.” If you want to say “She would have gone,” you would use “elle serait allée.”
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Unreal Past Scenarios
The Conditionnel Passé is often used to talk about actions that did not happen in the past, but you are speculating about what would have occurred if they had. It’s a way to discuss hypothetical situations in the past.
Si j’avais su, je t’aurais aidé. (If I had known, I would have helped you.)
Il serait venu s’il avait eu le temps. (He would have come if he had had the time.)
Polite Requests or Suggestions
It can be used to make polite requests or suggestions in the past.
Pourriez-vous m’aider, s’il vous plaît ? (Could you have helped me, please?)
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
It can convey doubt or uncertainty regarding past events.
Il aurait peut-être oublié notre rendez-vous. (He might have forgotten our appointment.)
Interactions with Other Tenses
You can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional present to describe past actions that were hypothetical at the time they were spoken about. J’aurais aimé que tu m’appelles hier. (I would have liked you to call me yesterday.)
Indicative Past Tenses
You might use the Conditionnel Passé alongside indicative past tenses like the passé composé to contrast hypothetical and real past events. Il est venu hier, mais s’il avait pu, il serait venu la semaine dernière. (He came yesterday, but if he could have, he would have come last week.)
In some cases, you can use the Conditionnel Passé in combination with the conditional future to discuss unreal past events that could have consequences in the future. Si j’avais réussi mon examen, j’aurais un meilleur travail. (If I had passed my exam, I would have a better job.)
In summary, the Conditionnel Passé is used to express hypothetical or unreal actions in the past. It is often used in conjunction with other tenses to convey various nuances in French, allowing speakers to discuss imaginary past scenarios, make polite requests, or express doubt about past events.
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