Introduction to the verb dérager
Get the Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) tense conjugation of dérager. Includes a FREE downloadable reference sheet (no email required). Alternatively if you have a lot of text to check then use our free French Grammar Checker – no registration required!
The English translation of the French verb dérager is “to disturb” or “to bother”. It is pronounced as “day-rah-zhay” in its infinitive form.
The word dérager comes from the Old French term “desrager”, which meant “to shake or disturb forcefully”. It is derived from the Latin word “derogare”, which means “to abolish or detract from”.
In everyday French, dérager is most often used in the Conditionnel Présent tense, which expresses a hypothetical or uncertain action in the present or future. It is formed by using the conditional form of the auxiliary verb “avoir” or “être” followed by the past participle of dérager.
- Si j’avais plus de temps, je ne déragerais pas tes plans. (If I had more time, I wouldn’t disturb your plans.)
- Je déragerais volontiers ta sieste si tu ne me réveillais pas chaque matin. (I would gladly disturb your nap if you didn’t wake me up every morning.)
- Elle ne déragerait jamais son collègue pendant une réunion importante. (She would never bother her colleague during an important meeting.)
Table of the Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of dérager
|Je dérangerais mes voisins.
|I would bother my neighbors.
|Tu dérangerais la réunion.
|You would disrupt the meeting.
|Il dérangerait le cours.
|He would disturb the class.
|Elle dérangerait la soirée.
|She would ruin the evening.
|On dérangerait le silence.
|One would disturb the silence.
|Nous dérangerions le voisin.
|We would bother the neighbor.
|Vous dérangeriez le trajet.
|You would disrupt the trip.
|Ils dérangeraient le film.
|They would interrupt the movie.
|Elles dérangeraient le sommeil.
|They would disturb the sleep.
Other Conjugations for Dérager.
Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Passé Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Passé Composé (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Passé Antérieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Futur Antérieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Subjonctif Présent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Subjonctif Passé (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager (this article)
Conditionnel Passé (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
L’impératif Présent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
L’infinitif Présent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb dérager
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Dérager – About the French Conditionnel Présent (Conditional Present) Tense
The French “Conditionnel Présent” tense, often called the present conditional tense in English, is used to express actions or events that are considered hypothetical, possible, or uncertain in the present or future. It’s the equivalent of “would” or “could” in English.
To form the Conditionnel Présent tense for regular verbs, you take the infinitive form of the verb and add the appropriate endings. For example, using the verb “parler” (to speak):
Je parlerais (I would speak)
Tu parlerais (You would speak)
Il/elle/on parlerait (He/she/one would speak)
Nous parlerions (We would speak)
Vous parleriez (You would speak)
Ils/elles parleraient (They would speak)
Note – For irregular verbs, the stem might change, so you need to memorize the conjugation.
Common Everyday Usage Patterns
Expressing Polite Requests
The Conditionnel Présent is often used to make polite requests or suggestions. Instead of using the imperative, which can be more direct, the conditional is softer and more courteous. For example: “Je voudrais un café, s’il vous plaît” (I would like a coffee, please).
Expressing Hypothetical Situations
It’s used to talk about hypothetical or unreal situations. For instance, “Si j’avais de l’argent, j’achèterais une nouvelle voiture” (If I had money, I would buy a new car).
Expressing Doubt or Uncertainty
The conditional can convey doubt or uncertainty about something in the present or future. “Il serait peut-être en retard” (He might be late).
Interactions with Other Tenses
The Conditionnel Présent is often used with the present tense to express hypothetical or conditional statements. For example, “Si tu viens demain, nous irons au cinéma” (If you come tomorrow, we will go to the movies).
The Conditionnel Présent can also be used with past tenses like the imparfait to indicate a past hypothetical action. For instance, “J’aurais aimé être là hier” (I would have liked to be there yesterday).
The Conditionnel Présent can be combined with the future tense to indicate future actions that are dependent on certain conditions. For example, “Il viendrait si tu l’invitais” (He would come if you invited him).
If you want to express a hypothetical action in the past that didn’t happen, you can use the Conditionnel Présent with the past participle to form the conditional perfect. For example, “Il aurait fini son travail s’il n’était pas tombé malade” (He would have finished his work if he hadn’t gotten sick).
The Conditionnel Présent is a versatile tense in French, allowing speakers to discuss possibilities, hypothetical scenarios, and make polite requests. It’s essential to understand its usage patterns and how it interacts with other tenses to communicate effectively in various situations.
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