Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader

Introduction to the verb barricader

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The English translation of the French verb barricader is “to barricade.” It is pronounced as /ba.ʁi.ka.de/.

The word barricader comes from the French noun “barricade,” which ultimately derives from the Spanish word “barricada,” meaning “barrier.” It was first used in French in the 17th century. Today, it is most commonly used in everyday French to mean “to block or obstruct with a barricade.”

In the Plus-que-parfait tense, the verb barricader is used to indicate an action that was completed before another past action.

Here are three examples of its usage in this tense, along with their English translations:

  1. J’avais barricadĂ© la porte avant qu’ils n’arrivent. (I had barricaded the door before they arrived.)
  2. Tu avais barricadĂ© les fenĂȘtres pour empĂȘcher l’eau d’entrer. (You had barricaded the windows to prevent the water from coming in.)
  3. Nous avions barricadĂ© la rue pour protester contre la politique du gouvernement. (We had barricaded the street to protest against the government’s policies.)

Table of the Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of barricader

Pronoun Conjugation Short Example English Translation
je j’avais barricadĂ© J’avais barricadĂ© la porte. I had barricaded the door.
tu tu avais barricadĂ© Tu avais barricadĂ© la fenĂȘtre. You had barricaded the window.
il il avait barricadé Il avait barricadé la rue. He had barricaded the street.
elle elle avait barricadé Elle avait barricadé la porte. She had barricaded the door.
on on avait barricadé On avait barricadé le passage. One had barricaded the passage.
nous nous avions barricadĂ© Nous avions barricadĂ© l’entrĂ©e. We had barricaded the entrance.
vous vous aviez barricadĂ© Vous aviez barricadĂ© la fenĂȘtre. You had barricaded the window.
ils ils avaient barricadé Ils avaient barricadé le chemin. They had barricaded the path.
elles elles avaient barricadé Elles avaient barricadé la rue. They had barricaded the street.

Other Conjugations for Barricader.

   
    Le Present (Present Tense) Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    Imparfait (Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    PassĂ© Simple (Simple Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    PassĂ© ComposĂ© (Present Perfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    Futur Simple (Simple Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    Futur Proche (Near Future) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader     (this article)

    PassĂ© AntĂ©rieur (Past Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader

    Futur AntĂ©rieur (Future Anterior) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader

    Subjonctif PrĂ©sent (Subjunctive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader

    Subjonctif PassĂ© (Subjunctive Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    Subjonctif Imparfait (Subjunctive Imperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader

    Subjonctif Plus-que-parfait (Subjunctive Pluperfect) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    Conditionnel PrĂ©sent (Conditional Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader
   

    Conditionnel PassĂ© (Conditional Past) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader

    L’impĂ©ratif PrĂ©sent (Imperative Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader

    L’infinitif PrĂ©sent (Infinitive Present) Tense Conjugation of the French Verb barricader

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Barricader – About the French Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect) Tense

The French “plus-que-parfait” tense is a past tense used to express actions or events that occurred before another past action or event. It is often translated to English as the “pluperfect” tense. The name “plus-que-parfait” literally means “more than perfect,” indicating that it is a tense used to describe actions that were completed before a specific point in the past.
NOTE: To take a deep dive into all the French tenses then see my article on Mastering French Tense Conjugation.

Tense Formation

To form the plus-que-parfait tense, you typically use the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “ĂȘtre” (to be) in the imperfect tense, followed by the past participle of the main verb. Here are the conjugations for both auxiliary verbs:
1. With “avoir” as the auxiliary verb:
   – J’avais mangĂ© (I had eaten)
   – Tu avais parlĂ© (You had spoken)
   – Il/elle/on avait fini (He/She/One had finished)
   – Nous avions lu (We had read)
   – Vous aviez choisi (You had chosen)
   – Ils/elles avaient jouĂ© (They had played)
2. With “ĂȘtre” as the auxiliary verb (usually for intransitive verbs or verbs indicating a state):
   – J’Ă©tais parti(e) (I had left)
   – Tu Ă©tais arrivĂ©(e) (You had arrived)
   – Il/elle/on Ă©tait tombĂ©(e) (He/She/One had fallen)
   – Nous Ă©tions restĂ©(e)s (We had stayed)
   – Vous Ă©tiez nĂ©(e)(s) (You had been born)
   – Ils/elles Ă©taient montĂ©(e)s (They had gone up)

Common everyday usage patterns

Sequencing of past events

The plus-que-parfait is used to express a past action that happened before another past action. For example, “J’avais mangĂ© avant qu’il ne soit arrivĂ©” (I had eaten before he arrived).

Background information

It is also used to provide background information or set the stage for a main past event. For instance, “Quand je suis arrivĂ©, ils avaient dĂ©jĂ  fini de manger” (When I arrived, they had already finished eating).

Hypothetical or reported speech

In indirect speech, the plus-que-parfait is used to report what someone had said or thought in the past. For example, “Il avait dit qu’il viendrait demain” (He had said that he would come tomorrow).

Interactions with other tenses

– The plus-que-parfait is often used in conjunction with the passĂ© composĂ© (simple past) to establish the sequence of past events. The passĂ© composĂ© describes the more recent action, while the plus-que-parfait describes the action that occurred earlier.
– It can also be used with the conditional mood to express a hypothetical past event, like “Si j’avais su, j’aurais agi diffĂ©remment” (If I had known, I would have acted differently).
– When used in reported speech, it can be combined with the conditional mood or the imperfect subjunctive to reflect the original mood and tense of the reported statement.

Summary

The French plus-que-parfait tense is an essential part of the language for expressing past actions that occurred before other past actions, providing background information, and reporting past statements or thoughts. It is an integral component of constructing complex and accurate narratives in French.

I hope you enjoyed this article on the verb barricader. Still in a learning mood? Check out another TOTALLY random French verb conjugation!

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